EL84 amp with multiple speaker outputs

This was a project for a customer with a unique requirement: The amplifier needed to have the option to connect two sets of speakers. This customer had a “man cave” containing a formidable collection of speakers acquired from auctions and secondhand shops. So the need was to connect more than one pair and be able to switch between them.

Also required was a phono stage, since the customer had a large collection of vinyl and a wonderful vintage Audio-Research turntable from the late ’60s.

The amp was built on a small chassis to fit into the available space. The switch on the front is the speaker selector, the power switch is at the back.

This amplifier is unusual in that it does not have remote control. Usually we supply amplifiers with at least a remote control for the volume, or sometimes for the input selector as well. However this customer was quite adamant it wasn’t needed.


Main Amplifier

Line-level amplifier, grounded cathode gain stage, DC-coupled
cathodyne phase inverter, push-pull EL84 output in class AB using fixed-bias ultralinear topology, 10dB global negative feedback. 360V Plate Voltage.
Valve complement
Gain stage: 1 X 12AX7 (ECC83)
Phase Inverter: 1 X 12AU7 (ECC82)
Output: 4 X EL84
Power Output (measured)
15W RMS both channels driven, 1kHz continuous, resistive load
Distortion (measured)
1% THD at rated power, 1kHz, resistive load
Output Impedance
4Ohm 8Ohm
Input Impedance
50 KOhms
Input Sensitivity
800mV rms for ratedpower
Frequency Response
6Hz – 55kHz ±3dB
Power consumption
230v 50Hz 190w

RIAA Phono Preamp

Phono-level amplifier, cascaded grounded cathode gain stage,
DC-coupled cathode follower, RIAA equalisation
4.5mV for rated power. MM-type cartridge only, 47KOhm load impedance
Valve complement
Gain stage: 2 X 12AX7 (ECC83)
Cathode Follower: 1 X 12AU7 (ECC82)


Listening tests

The sound from this one is clean, detailed and very pleasing. The main amp stage is based on the well-regarded Fisher X100, with the 12AX7 gain and 12AU7 phase splitter, though this design runs that 12AU7 closer to its 5mA sweet spot for linearity from a 300V B+ than the Fisher does.

The output stage is EL84 in fixed bias ultralinear, biased to 8.4W quiescent dissipation (70% of rated maximum)

The RIAA stage works well. The Cathode follower is needed to drive the volume control which represents a 50K load across the input. The noise floor is low, hum is non-existent, and distortion does not occur even on the loudest passages.